Failure of Fannie and Freddie Aiding to More California Foreclosures

Fannie-FreddieHome values have fallen so much in California that almost half the people with mortgages there owe more than their homes are worth. So when federal money became available to help stem the tide of foreclosures, the state flagged that group for help. If banks would forgive some of a homeowners’ mortgage debt, the state said it would pay half, up to $50,000 of a $100,000 loan reduction. Despite the generous terms, most banks balked.

Only three homeowners have been approved for debt reduction since the program began in September 2010. A major obstacle has been that the two largest mortgage guarantors, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, will not participate in California. No loans are eligible for the state’s program if they were bought and held or securitized by the two companies, which are now under government control and guarantee more than 70 percent of the country’s home loans.

About one in five homeowners with a mortgage is underwater, and the total amount of negative equity is estimated at $700 billion to $800 billion. While many of those borrowers are coping with self-inflicted wounds, the problem is not limited to subprime loans. Among mortgages backed by Fannie and Freddie, a vast majority of which are prime, the percentage of underwater homeowners is virtually the same as the percentage among all mortgages.

For more information on California Business Law, contact a professional California Business Attorney. In the San Jose area or within California, call Amiel Wade at Wade Law Group at(888) 909-9430.

Beware of Unlicensed California Contractors

construction-worker-300x207The California Professional Association of Specialty Contractors (CALPASC) is urging homeowners to think twice before hiring unlicensed contractors. California law holds that significant residential remodels and new construction fall under Cal/OSHAsafety regulations. As such, the homeowner is treated as an employer and required to furnish a safe place of employment.

This is in contrast to “domestic household services,” such as home maintenance, both inside and outside of the house, which are exempt from Cal/OSHAregulations, as are projects where homeowners are doing the work themselves.

According to CALPASC CEO Cees Molenaar, “Homeowners who are remodeling their homes often are in the dark about this requirement. They assume the contractors they hire are licensed professionals and carry the necessary insurance to abide by Cal/OSHA regulations. Unfortunately, today’s growing underground economy creates opportunities for contractors and subcontractors to take advantage of homeowners.”

Homeowners are often unaware of the consequences of hiring unlicensed contractors and assume homeowners’ policies cover unlicensed contractors, which is not the case. Besides the obvious lack of professional ethics and not abiding by California’s legal standards, unlicensed contractors often generate inferior work products and services and subject homeowners to financial exposure if an injury occurs.

Hire only licensed contractors, and ask to see their license and a photo ID to verify their identity.

Always check the California license status at www.cslb.ca.gov to make sure the contractor is in good standing. Don’t pay more than 10 percent or $1,000, whichever is less, as a down payment. Don’t pay in cash, and don’t let payments get ahead of the work. Get at least three bids, check references and get a written contract.

For businesses in the San Jose area or within California requiring more information, contact theWade Law Group at (888) 909-9430 or email Amiel Wade directly.

LLC or INC? – Making the Right Choice for Business Formation

llc-vs-inc1There’s more to starting a business than coming up with a great idea. A business owner also must decide how the business should be structured. Until recently, most California businesses chose between sole proprietor, partnership, and incorporation. However, California businesses are now choosing to go with a limited liability company (LLC) structure more than any other. An LLC offers more legal protection of personal assets than a partnership, but retains the tax savings pass-through characteristics.

Unlike LLCs, corporations can go public. For that reason, venture capital companies prefer to work with corporations rather than with LLCs.  But unless you are planning to take your California business public, an LLC may well be the best business formation structure to serve the business needs of the owners.

Unlike corporations, LLCs don’t suffer from double-taxation, in which the corporate entity is taxed and then its shareholders’ dividends are taxed as well. This benefit applies to LLCs that are classified as partnerships for tax purposes. An LLC tax preparer simply checks a box on his or her federal return to indicate how the organization will be taxed. Earnings and losses pass through to the owners and are included on their personal tax returns.

There’s also less paperwork involved with running an LLC than a formal corporation, and LLCs are the most flexible when it comes to organization. There are fewer rules regarding who can be a shareholder, and they also tend to be more informally run than a regular corporation.

Sitting down with an Experienced Attorney in California Business Law is the best way to sort through the tax and organizational ramifications of business formation, and figure out what’s right for the needs of your business. In the San Jose, CA area, as well as any other area in Northern California, contact the Wade Law Group at (888) 909-9430.

Defenses to California Business Contract Disputes

post1If a business in California is being accused of breaching a contract by the other party, it must be determined whether there are any defenses that call into question the validity of the contract. There are some defenses that make a contract unenforceable (void), and other defenses that give the parties the option to enforce the contract (voidable).

1) Legality of the Contract: Although two persons may enter into a contractual agreement, if the subject matter of the contract is illegal, the contract is invalid and unenforceable.

2) Capacity of the Parties: In order to be bound to a contract, the parties must be competent to enter into such a legal arrangement. Underage persons, persons who are mentally ill, and intoxicated persons are usually not held to the contracts they enter.

3) Mistake, Duress, and Fraud:

a) A mistake by both parties to a contract on an important issue makes the contract unenforceable.

b) Duress is the use of physical force or mental pressure by one party to make the other party agree to the contract, which is ultimately unenforceable.

c) Fraud is the intentional misrepresentation of an important issue of the contract which makes the contract voidable by the party upon whom the fraud was perpetrated.

4) Unconscionability: A contract may be unenforceable if it is found by a court to be flagrantly unfair.

5) Statute of Frauds: In many instances, contracts do not have to be in writing to be legally binding. However, a law known as the “statute of frauds” requires that some contracts must be written to be valid.

If you are a California business owner in the San Jose area, as well as any other area in Northern California, with more questions about defenses to contract disputes, contact the Wade Law Group at (888) 909-9430.